A Fire Prevention Code Permit is required for the storage and/or use of LP-gas. [3801.2, 107.2] An application for a Hazardous Materials Permit shall be completed and submitted to the Fire Prevention Office. *Please note restaurant establishments must comply with the regulations for storage and maintenance of LP Gas and will be required to have a permit by 2015.
Applicant must indicate the type of LP gas, the size and type of the containers / tank(s) and the total quantity of gas to be stored. Quantities / capacities shall be listed in both water capacity (gallons) and pounds of gas.
Applicant must provide a site plan showing the proposed location for the LP-gas storage area.
Applicant must provide manufacturer’s product information for the specific gas-fired appliance(s) to be used, including operating instructions.
Applicant must provide a copy of the Arlington County Zoning Office approval for the storage and use of LP-gas.
An on-site inspection must be satisfactorily completed in order for a permit to be issued. A minimum of 24 hours notice is required for inspections. LP-GAS SHALL NOT BE STORED OR USED UNTIL THE INSPECTION IS CONDUCTED AND THE PERMIT IS ISSUED.
Quick Guide to the Fire Prevention Code
Section 603: Fuel-Fired Appliances
603.4.2.1.1. The storage or use of portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances is prohibited in any of the following locations:
- Inside any occupancy when connected to the fuel gas container.
- Inside of tents, canopies, and membrane structures.
- On exterior balconies / roofs.
603.4.2.1.2. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be located at least 5 feet from buildings.
603.4.2.1.3. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall not be located beneath, or closer than 5 feet to, combustible decorations and combustible overhangs, awnings, sunshades or similar combustible attachments to buildings.
603.4.2.1.4. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall not be located within 5 feet of exits or exit discharges.
603.4.2.2.1. Only listed and approved portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances utilizing a fuel gas cylinder that is integral to the appliance shall be used.
603.4.2.2.2. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be installed and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
603.4.2.2.3. Portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be equipped with a tilt or tip-over switch that automatically shuts off the flow of gas if the appliance is tilted more than 15 degrees from the vertical.
603.4.2.2.4.The heating element or combustion chamber of portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall be permanently guarded so as to prevent accidental contact by persons or material.
603.4.2.3.1. Only approved DOTn or ASME gas containers shall be used.
603.4.2.3.2. Replacement of fuel gas containers in portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall not be conducted while the public is present.
603.4.2.3.3. The maximum individual capacity of gas containers used in connection with portable outdoor gas-fired heating appliances shall not exceed 20 pounds.
603.4.2.3.4. Gas containers shall not be stored inside of buildings.
Section 3803: Installation of Equipment
3803.2.1. Portable LP-gas containers shall not be stored or used inside buildings.
3803.2.2. LP-gas shall not be released to the atmosphere, except through an approved liquid-level gauge or other approved device.
Section 3807: Safety Precautions and Devices
3807.1. Safety devices on LP-gas containers, equipment, and systems shall not be tampered with or made ineffective.
3807.2. “No Smoking” signs complying with Section 310 shall be posted within 10 feet of tanks and containers and within 25 feet of filling / transfer points.
3807.3. Weeds, grass, brush, trash and other combustible materials shall be kept a minimum of 10 feet from LP-gas tanks and containers.
3807.4. Where exposed to vehicular damage due to proximity to streets, alleys, driveways or parking areas, LP-gas containers, regulators and piping shall be provided with vehicular impact protection complying with Section 312 [F3807.4]
Section 3808: Fire Protection
3808.2, NFPA 58 §8.5. Where the aggregate quantity of LP-gas stored is in excess of 720 lb, at least one portable dry chemical fire extinguisher with a B:C rating having a minimum capacity of 18 pounds shall be provided not less than 50 feet from the storage location and shall be readily accessible at all times.
Section 3809: Storage of LP-Gas Containers Awaiting Use or Resale
3809.2. LP-gas containers in storage shall be located in a manner that minimizes exposure to excessive temperature rise, physical damage, or tampering.
3809.3. LP-gas containers in storage having individual water capacity greater than 2½ pounds [nominal 1 pound LP Gas capacity] shall be positioned with the pressure relief valve in direct communication with the vapor space of the container.
3809.6 LP-gas containers that are not connected for use shall not be stored on roofs.
3809.7. LP-gas containers shall not be stored in a basement, pit or similar location where heavier-than-air gas might collect. LP Gas containers shall not be stored in above-grade underfloor spaces or basements unless such location is provided with an approved means of ventilation.
3809.8. LP-gas container valves shall be protected by screw-on-type caps or collars which shall be securely in place on all containers stored regardless of whether they are full, partially full, or empty. Container outlet valves shall be closed or plugged.
3809.13. LP-gas containers shall be stored within a suitable enclosure or otherwise protected against tampering.
A lockable, ventilated enclosure of metal exterior construction. [NFPA 58 §188.8.131.52(2)]
3809.12. Storage outside of buildings of LP-gas containers awaiting use shall be located in accordance with Table 3809.12.
Section 3810: LP-Gas Containers not in Service
38010.1. LP-gas containers whose use has been temporarily discontinued shall comply with all of the following:
- Be disconnected from appliance piping.
- Have LP-gas container outlets, except relief valves, closed or plugged.
- Be positioned with the relief valve in direct communication with the LP-gas container vapor space.